New
Accessories
Pine Needle Baskets
Bracelets
Cards, Books & Videos
Felted Wool Gifts
Handbags & Coin Purses
Holiday
Home & Kitchen
Jackets
Judaica
Recycled & Eco-Friendly
Scarves
SALE
Gift Certificates
View All Products


  
100% of your tax-deductible donation directly benefits Mayan artisans and their families.






Home > What Weaving Means
 

What Weaving Means

WEAVING THROUGH THE AGES* 

Symbolic Associations 

Myth has it that Our Grandmother the Moon, the goddess Ixchel, taught the first woman how to weave at the beginning of time. Since then, Maya mothers have taught their daughters, from generation to generation uninterruptedly for three thousand years, how to wrap themselves around the loom and produce exquisite cloth. 

In addition to its important religious and social aspects, historically weaving has been central to indigenous women’s economic contribution to their households. In a traditional Maya context, when a girl is born the midwife presents her with the different instruments of weaving one by one and she says, 

Well then, little girl, 
This will be your hand 
This will be your foot 
Here is your work 
With this, you’ll look for your food, 
Don’t take the evil path, 
Don’t steal 
When you grow up 
Only with these will you work 
With your hand 
With your foot  

Cultural and Social Continuity 
 
For five centuries, Mayan women have transmitted through weaving esoteric designs that encoded the Mayan vision of the world. In this manner, the work of weavers was essential for the survival of important elements of ancient culture. Hidden between the warp and weft, these escaped the fate of indigenous books that were burnt by Spanish priests and authorities. (For more information on the continuity of weaving designs see Walter Morris, Living Maya, 1988) 

There is no question that weavers also integrated elements from other cultures in their textiles. Through the centuries, Mayan people have been compelled to incorporate elements from other cultures. However, with the passage of time, these foreign elements become “mayanized,” i.e., reinterpreted within their own cultural context, and their ties to Mayan symbols and associations give life to new Mayan syntheses. 

It is well know that weaving expresses the identity of the weaver and her commitment to being Mayan and to her own specific community. Women continue to weave their own and their family’s clothes. A woman shows her respect for her community by following its esthetic rules, selecting designs, colors and styles, in addition to following its more general cultural and social norms. One of the painters from Comala expresses dramatically the profound identity of a Mayan woman with her “huipil” (native blouse, specific to the village where the woman comes from). In one of her paintings, she shows a woman bearing the designs of her town’s huipil directly on her skin. The huipil is for us, she says, like a second skin (documentary Between Light and Shadown: Mayan Women in Transition). 


Economic Functions of Weaving 
 
The Aztecs, for which we have good information, considered weaving as the women’s work par excellance. To fail in weaving was equivalent to be a failure as a woman. Gender identity wasn’t based on intrinsic physical qualities, such as genitals or secondary sexual characteristics. It was based on dress and the instruments of work. Thus, the Aztecs represented a goddess with a loincloth and cape (male dress) to express the masculine nature of her behavior. At death, Aztec women were buried with their weaving instruments. Why were spinning and weaving central in defining womanhood? The most important reason is found in the economic contribution of weaving. Weaving provided, for both Aztec women and contemporary Mayan women, their most important link to the larger economy. Tribute was paid in cloth and it was also a common market currency. The more cloth a weaver produced, the more her household prospered. 
 
Currently, Mayan women continue to weave, in addition to their own and their family’s clothes, to obtain a much needed income. Mayan women love to weave, as weaving keeps them connected to their ancestors, and within the sacred and cultural Mayan universe. Through fair trade, Mayan Hands supports them in their quest to bring their families out of extreme poverty, at the same time that they keep their cherished Mayan culture alive and develop their communities. 
 

*Based on the essay “Mayan Women, Weaving and Ethnic Identity: a Historical Essay” by Brenda P. Rosenbaum, in Mayan Clothing and Weaving Through the Ages, pp 157-169. Guatemala: Museo Ixchel del Traje Indigena, 1999. The Symbolic Associations topic refers specifically to data collected from Mayan women in the Tzotzil town of San Juan Chamula, in Chiapas, Mexico.


 
 ShopCustomer CareAbout Us
MAYAN HANDS is a non-profit, fair trade 
organization partnering with talented Mayan 
women in their quest to lift their families out of extreme poverty as they continue to live within the culture they cherish.
    
Proud Member:
   
 NewContact UsFair Trade
 FashionShippingBlog
 GiftsReturnsArtisan Partners
 Home DecorWholesaleHost a Sale
SUPPORT 
100% of your tax-deductible donation directly 
benefits Mayan artisans and their families. 
 Sale Fundraise
  Tours
  Donate
  
  
BE IN TOUCH
(518) 729 - 1900
info@mayanhands.org
Secure Site: